Measuring participants' attitudes toward mobile device conference applications in continuing medical education: Validation of an Instrument

Christopher M. Wittich, Amy T. Wang, Justin A. Fiala, Karen F. Mauck, Jayawant N. Mandrekar, John T. Ratelle, Thomas J. Beckman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Introduction: Mobile device applications (apps) may enhance live CME courses. We aimed to (1) validate a measure of participant attitudes toward using a conference app and (2) determine associations between participant characteristics and attitudes toward CME apps with conference app usage. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional validation study of participants at the Mayo Clinic Selected Topics in Internal Medicine Course. A conference app was developed that included presentation slides, note-taking features, search functions, social networking with other attendees, and access to presenter information. The CME app attitudes survey instrument (CMEAPP-10) was designed to determine participant attitudes toward conference apps. Results: Of the 602 participants, 498 (82.7%) returned surveys. Factor analysis revealed a two-dimensional model for CMEAPP-10 scores (Cronbach α, 0.97). Mean (SD) CMEAPP-10 scores (maximum possible score of five) were higher for women than for men (4.06 [0.91] versus 3.85 [0.92]; P = .04). CMEAPP-10 scores (mean [SD]) were significantly associated (P = .02) with previous app usage as follows: less than once per month, 3.73 (1.05); monthly, 3.41 (1.16); weekly, 4.03 (0.69); and daily or more, 4.06 (0.89). Scores were unrelated to participant age, specialty, practice characteristics, or previous app use. Discussion: This is the first validated measure of attitudes toward CME apps among course participants. App usage was higher among younger participants who had previously used educational or professional apps. Additionally, attitudes were more favorable among women and those who had previously used apps. These findings have important implications regarding efforts to engage participants with portable and accessible technology. Copyright

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-73
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016


  • Continuous professional development
  • E-learning
  • Online/computer-based education
  • Validation study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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