Measuring human leukocyte antigen alloantibodies: Beyond a binary decision

Chelsea H. Maguire, Carrie A. Schinstock, Anat R. Tambur

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Purpose of reviewAccurate measurement of human leukocyte antigen antibodies is critical for making clinical decisions treating patients awaiting transplantation or monitoring them post transplantation. Single antigen bead assay results are given as Mean Fluorescence Intensity, falling short of providing the required quantitative measure.Recent findingsTitration studies were shown to circumvent the limitation of target-saturation that affect interpretation of single antigen bead assays especially in highly sensitized patients with strong antibodies. In fact, titration information can serve to measure efficacy of antibody removal during pretransplant desensitization using plasmapheresis/intravenous immunoglobulin (PP/IVIg) approaches. Moreover, recent studies indicate that knowing the donor-specific antibody titer has prognostic value that can guide PP/IVIg desensitization treatments. Newer data demonstrates an additional layer of information obtained by titration studies allowing to stratify patients with very high cPRA (>99%) based on the strength of the antibodies present, rather than the breadth. This data can thereby identify patients that are more likely to benefit from desensitization approaches on the transplant wait-list.SummaryTitration studies have a prognostic value with regards to quantifying antibody strength. Obtaining this information does not require performing the complete set of dilutions. In fact, performing two to three specific dilutions can provide relevant information while maintaining practical cost.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-535
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent opinion in organ transplantation
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020


  • HLA antibody
  • titer
  • transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Immunology and Allergy


Dive into the research topics of 'Measuring human leukocyte antigen alloantibodies: Beyond a binary decision'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this