Measurement of ultrasonic nonlinear parameter in excised fat tissues

Ravimeher L. Errabolu, Chandra M. Sehgal, Robert C. Bahn, James F. Greenleaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


This paper reports sound speed cO, adiabatic acoustic nonlinear parameter B/A, and isothermal nonlinear parameter (B/A) of 33 samples of excised human and animal fats and some simple mixtures, e.g., skim milk and powdered milk. Tissues were obtained from different parts of the body and the measurements were made in the temperature range of 20°C to 37°C. All the fats were highly nonlinear. Although there was a considerable overlap in the values of acoustic nonlinearity of different body fats, in general their values followed the order: mesenteric fat > subcutaneous fat > omentum fat > breast fat. Temperature coefficients of c0 and B/A, and the difference between adiabatic and isothermal nonlinearity, correlated highly with water/fat content of tissues. A reciprocal relationship between B/A and c0, similar to that proposed for liquids, was observed for soft tissues but not for solutions of powdered milk in skim milk. No significant correlation was observed between acoustic measurements and the age of human subjects from which fat tissues were obtained.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-146
Number of pages10
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1988


  • Age
  • Breast fat
  • Chicken fat
  • Human fat
  • Mesenteric fat
  • Nonlinear parameter B/A
  • Omentum fat
  • Sound speed
  • Subcutaneous fat
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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