Making an informed choice: Which breast reconstruction type has the lowest complication rate?

Patrick T. Hangge, Kristen Jogerst, Ahmed Mohsen, Heidi Kosiorek, Patricia A. Cronin, Chee Chee H. Stucky, Nabil Wasif, Richard J. Gray, Alanna M. Rebecca, William J. Casey, Barbara A. Pockaj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate long-term breast reconstruction outcomes at a single institution in order to offer data-driven counseling for patients. Methods: A retrospective review was performed of 399 patients who underwent mastectomy with 1-stage implant-based breast reconstruction (IBBR), 2-stage IBBR, or autologous tissue reconstruction (ATR) for invasive breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ at our institution from 2010 to 2017. Complications were classified as major for any unplanned return to the operating room (OR). Results: Overall complication rates were similar among 1-stage IBBR (59%), 2-stage IBBR (60%), and ATR (52%, p = 0.54). Factors independently associated with major complications were diabetes (OR = 25.4 95% CI: 3.2–202.4; p = 0.002), and 1-stage IBBR vs. ATR (1-stage: OR = 2.0 95% CI: 1.0–4.0; p = 0.04). Bilateral procedures were also at increased risk of major complications on univariate analysis (OR = 1.59 95% CI: 1.0–2.5; p = 0.04). Conclusions: Long-term breast reconstruction complication rates are higher than previously anticipated. Patients should be counseled that IBBR is associated with higher rates of complications, including unplanned return to the OR, compared to ATR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1040-1045
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2019


  • Autologous tissue reconstruction
  • Breast implant
  • Complications
  • Mastectomy
  • Reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


Dive into the research topics of 'Making an informed choice: Which breast reconstruction type has the lowest complication rate?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this