Magnetization transfer imaging of the head and neck: Normative data

D. M. Yousem, M. D. Schnall, L. Dougherty, G. S. Weinstein, R. E. Hayden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: To determine magnetization transfer ratios for normal head and neck structures so that evaluation of disease will be possible. METHODS: Two- dimensional magnetization transfer imaging was performed in 12 healthy volunteers and 20 patients. We used a repetition time of 500, echo time of 12, 20° flip angle, and a magnetization transfer pulse offset from the resonance frequency of water by 2000 Hz (pulse duration 19 milliseconds, waveform area approximately 10 times greater than that of a 90° pulse). Magnetization transfer ratios (1 - [intensity after suppression/intensity before suppression]) were calculated for normal structures. RESULTS: The magnetization transfer ratio of facial muscles (0.54) was equivalent to that of tongue muscles (0.54). These values exceeded those of parotid (0.39) and submandibular glands (0.41). Fat (0.07) and cerebrospinal fluid (0.05) had negligible transfer. CONCLUSION: Magnetization transfer imaging is a simple and effective means of studying the contribution of macromolecular protons to the MR image. Normal neck structures show a wide range of magnetization transfer rates, maximal for muscle and minimal for cerebrospinal fluid and fat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1117-1121
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology


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