Loss of phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase type-1 gamma (Pip5k1c) in mesenchymal stem cells leads to osteopenia by impairing bone remodeling

Qinnan Yan, Huanqing Gao, Qing Yao, Kun Ling, Guozhi Xiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase type-1 gamma (Pip5k1c) is a lipid kinase that plays a pivotal role in the regulation of receptor-mediated calcium signaling in multiple tissues; however, its role in the skeleton is not clear. Here, we show that while deleting Pip5k1c expression in the mesenchymal stem cells using Prx1-Cre transgenic mice does not impair the intramembranous and endochondral ossification during skeletal development, it does cause osteopenia in adult mice, but not rapidly growing young mice. We found Pip5k1c loss dramatically decreases osteoblast formation and osteoid and mineral deposition, leading to reduced bone formation. Furthermore, Pip5k1c loss inhibits osteoblastic, but promotes adipogenic, differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells. Pip5k1c deficiency also impairs cytoplasmic calcium influx and inactivates the calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase, which regulates levels of transcription factor Runx2 by modulating its stability and subsequent osteoblast and bone formation. In addition, Pip5k1c loss reduces levels of the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand, but not that of osteoprotegerin, its decoy receptor, in osteoblasts in bone and in sera. Finally, we found Pip5k1c loss impairs the ability of bone marrow stromal cells to support osteoclast formation of bone marrow monocytes and reduces the osteoclast precursor population in bone marrow, resulting in reduced osteoclast formation and bone resorption. We conclude Pip5k1c deficiency causes a low-turnover osteopenia in mice, with impairment of bone formation being greater than that of bone resorption. Collectively, we uncover a novel function and mechanism of Pip5k1c in the control of bone mass and identify a potential therapeutic target for osteoporosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101639
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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