Loss of histone methyltransferase Ezh2 stimulates an osteogenic transcriptional program in chondrocytes but does not affect cartilage development

Emily T. Camilleri, Amel Dudakovic, Scott M. Riester, Catalina Galeano-Garces, Christopher R. Paradise, Elizabeth W. Bradley, Meghan E. McGee-Lawrence, Hee Jeong Im, Marcel Karperien, Aaron J. Krych, Jennifer J. Westendorf, A. Noelle Larson, Andre J. Van Wijnen

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21 Scopus citations


Ezh2 is a histone methyltransferase that suppresses osteoblast maturation and skeletal development. We evaluated the role of Ezh2 in chondrocyte lineage differentiation and endochondral ossification. Ezh2 was genetically inactivated in the mesenchymal, osteoblastic, and chondrocytic lineages in mice using the Prrx1-Cre, Osx1-Cre, and Col2a1-Cre drivers, respectively. WT and conditional knockout mice were phenotypically assessed by gross morphology, histology, and micro-CT imaging. Ezh2-de-ficient chondrocytes in micromass culture models were evaluated using RNA-Seq, histologic evaluation, and Western blotting. Aged mice with Ezh2 deficiency were also evaluated for premature development of osteoarthritis using radiographic analysis. Ezh2 deficiency in murine chondrocytes reduced bone density at 4 weeks of age but caused no other gross developmental effects. Knockdown of Ezh2 in chondrocyte micromass cultures resulted in a global reduction in trimethylation of histone 3 lysine 27 (H3K27me3) and altered differentiation in vitro. RNA-Seq analysis revealed enrichment of an osteogenic gene expression profile in Ezh2-deficient chondrocytes. Joint development proceeded normally in the absence of Ezh2 in chondrocytes without inducing excessive hypertrophy or premature osteoarthritis in vivo. In summary, loss of Ezh2 reduced H3K27me3 levels, increased the expression of osteogenic genes in chondrocytes, and resulted in a transient post-natal bone phenotype. Remarkably, Ezh2 activity is dispensable for normal chondrocyte maturation and endochondral ossification in vivo, even though it appears to have a critical role during early stages of mesenchymal lineage commitment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19001-19011
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number49
StatePublished - Dec 7 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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