Background: The optimal treatment of patients with a scaphoid malunion remains controversial. The long-term outcomes of operative and nonoperative management have not been established. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of the outcomes of all scaphoid malunions treated at single institution over a 30-year period. This included patients who underwent corrective osteotomy, salvage procedures (ie, dorsal cheilectomy, radial styloidectomy, and scaphoidectomy with midcarpal fusion), and those who refused operative intervention. The Mayo Wrist Score was determined at the time of surgical evaluation. Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH) surveys were sent to all patients for long-term follow-up. Results: Seventeen patients had follow-up at a mean 21.4 years (range, 12-30 years). The mean initial lateral intrascaphoid angle was 58°. Of the 17 patients, 11 proceeded with surgery and 6 opted for nonoperative management. A corrective osteotomy was performed in 4 patients. Of the remaining 7 surgical patients, 5 patients underwent procedures such as cheilectomy and radial styloidectomy, whereas 2 patients had a scaphoidectomy with midcarpal fusion. The final mean PRWE and QuickDASH scores for corrective osteotomy, salvage procedures, and nonoperative treatment were 23 and 6, 18 and 10, and 33 and 22, respectively. Conclusion: Long-term outcomes were similar between operative and nonoperative management.
- scaphoid malunion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine