Background: Studies reveal that ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) has long-term success. These reports, however, use well-selected cohorts and exclude patients presenting with fulminant colitis (FC). Herein, we aimed to characterize long-term functional outcomes in patients with fulminant ulcerative colitis (UC) undergoing IPAA. Methods: A prospective database identified patients who underwent IPAA between 1998 and 2008. Patients with FC and chronic UC were matched by age, gender, date of surgery, and follow-up duration. Clinical and laboratory parameters, immunomodulator use at the time of surgery, and functional outcomes were compared. Results: Forty patients with FC and 73 patients with chronic UC were identified. Preoperative albumin, hemoglobin, leukocyte count, and steroid dose were significantly different for those with FC. Average survey follow-up was 5.2 years for FC and 6.7 years for chronic UC patients. Functional outcomes were not significantly different. The 3-year fistula-free rate was 91.4 versus 98.6 % and the 3-year stricture-free rate was 79.3 versus 87.2 % for FC versus chronic UC patients, respectively. Conclusion: Patients undergoing colectomy for FC secondary to UC have similar long-term functional outcomes after IPAA despite significantly worse presentation. This study confirms that IPAA is an appropriate and durable treatment for patients with FC.
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