Levonorgestrel contraceptive implants in female patients 14 to 21 years old

Vera J. Suman, Jo T. Van Winter, Mary P. Evans, Patricia S. Summons, Steven J. Jacobsen, Amy L. Manolis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine which factors are associated with duration of use of a levonorgestrel implant (Norplant) for contraception in adolescents and young adults. Design: We retrospectively studied 144 young women (14 to 21 years of age) who chose a levonorgestrel contraceptive implant at Mayo Clinic Rochester between April 1990 and December 1993. Material and Methods: The following information was obtained at the time of insertion of the implant and from any follow-up visits: demographics, prior contraceptive experiences, frequency and management of complications, complications noted at removal of the implant, and subsequent contraceptive choice. The duration of use was examined. Results: Of the 144 young women who underwent insertion of a Norplant system, 75 telephoned or made a medical appointment because of implant-related side effects. During the follow-up period, 64 patients had the Norplant system removed. The Kaplan-Meier estimate of the probability of the Norplant system remaining in place for at least 12 months was 83% and for at least 24 months was 63%. Duration of Norplant use was not found to differ with respect to age, prior contraceptive use, or timing of insertion, but it was significantly shorter among those with a prior pregnancy than in those who had never been pregnant. Conclusion: These findings suggest that a group of young women who are likely to continue use of a contraceptive implant (with or without treatment for side effects) are those who have never been pregnant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-16
Number of pages7
JournalMayo Clinic proceedings
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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