Learning to lead: Self- and peer evaluation of team leaders in the human structure didactic block

Laura P. Chen, Jeremy K. Gregory, Christopher L. Camp, Justin E. Juskewitch, Wojciech Pawlina, Nirusha Lachman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Increasing emphasis on leadership in medical education has created a need for developing accurate evaluations of team leaders. Our study aimed to compare the accuracy of selfand peer evaluation of student leaders in the first-year Human Structure block (integrated gross anatomy, embryology, and radiology). Forty-nine first-year medical students at Mayo Medical School were assigned to learning teams of three or four members. Teams worked together on daily laboratory dissection, clinical projects, embryology presentations, and daily group quizzes. Student team leaders were responsible for leading laboratory dissection, reviewing radiographic findings, and organizing group assignments. Weekly electronic surveys were administered to evaluate team leaders on altruism, compassion, respect, integrity, responsibility, commitment to excellence, and self-reflection. Results demonstrated that team leaders rated themselves lower than their peers rated them in multiple aspects of leadership. Peer evaluation of team leaders was statistically higher than self-evaluation in all traits measured except respect. Female leaders were rated higher by their peers in the areas of responsibility and self-reflection compared to male leaders. This study demonstrates the need for increased communication between team leaders and members, along with creation of a mutually respectful environment, to improve leader awareness of their abilities and foster team success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-217
Number of pages8
JournalAnatomical Sciences Education
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2009


  • Collaborative learning
  • Gross anatomy
  • Human structure
  • Leadership
  • Medical curriculum
  • Medical student
  • Peer evaluation
  • Self-evaluation
  • Team leader
  • Teamwork

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology
  • Embryology


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