Learning opposites using neural networks

Shivam Kalra, Aditya Sriram, Shahryar Rahnamayan, H. R. Tizhoosh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Many research works have successfully extended algorithms such as evolutionary algorithms, reinforcement agents and neural networks using 'opposition-based learning' (OBL). Two types of the 'opposites' have been defined in the literature, namely type-I and type-II. The former are linear in nature and applicable to the variable space, hence easy to calculate. On the other hand, type-II opposites capture the 'oppositeness' in the output space. In fact, type-I opposites are considered a special case of type-II opposites where inputs and outputs have a linear relationship. However, in many real-world problems, inputs and outputs do in fact exhibit a nonlinear relationship. Therefore, type-II opposites are expected to be better in capturing the sense of 'opposition' in terms of the input-output relation. In the absence of any knowledge about the problem at hand, there seems to be no intuitive way to calculate the type-II opposites. In this paper, we introduce an approach to learn type-II opposites from the given inputs and their outputs using the artificial neural networks (ANNs). We first perform opposition mining on the sample data, and then use the mined data to learn the relationship between input x and its opposite x. We have validated our algorithm using various benchmark functions to compare it against an evolving fuzzy inference approach that has been recently introduced. The results show the better performance of a neural approach to learn the opposites. This will create new possibilities for integrating oppositional schemes within existing algorithms promising a potential increase in convergence speed and/or accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781509048472
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Event23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2016 - Cancun, Mexico
Duration: Dec 4 2016Dec 8 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Conference on Pattern Recognition
ISSN (Print)1051-4651


Conference23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition


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