Leaflet Tissue Generation from Microfibrous Heart Valve Leaflet Scaffolds with Native Characteristics

Soumen Jana, David Morse, Amir Lerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Mechanical and bioprosthetic valves that are currently applied for replacing diseased heart valves are not fully efficient. Heart valve tissue engineering may solve the issues faced by the prosthetic valves in heart valve replacement. The leaflets of native heart valves have a trilayered structure with layer-specific orientations; thus, it is imperative to develop functional leaflet tissue constructs with a native trilayered, oriented structure. Its key solution is to develop leaflet scaffolds with a native morphology and structure. In this study, microfibrous leaflet scaffolds with a native trilayered and oriented structure were developed in an electrospinning system. The scaffolds were implanted for 3 months in rats subcutaneously to study the scaffold efficiencies in generating functional tissue-engineered leaflet constructs. These in vivo tissue-engineered leaflet constructs had a trilayered, oriented structure similar to native leaflets. The tensile properties of constructs indicated that they were able to endure the hydrodynamic load of the native heart valve. Collagen, glycosaminoglycans, and elastin─the predominant extracellular matrix components of native leaflets─were found sufficiently in the leaflet tissue constructs. The residing cells in the leaflet tissue constructs showed vimentin and α-smooth muscle actin expression, i.e., the constructs were in a growing state. Thus, the trilayered, oriented fibrous leaflet scaffolds produced in this study could be useful to develop heart valve scaffolds for successful heart valve replacements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7836-7847
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Bio Materials
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 15 2021


  • electrospinning
  • fiber
  • heart valve leaflet
  • in vivo tissue engineering
  • trilayer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biochemistry, medical


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