Knowledge of Prostate Cancer and Screening Among Young Multiethnic Black Men

Motolani E. Ogunsanya, Carolyn M. Brown, Folakemi T. Odedina, Jamie C. Barner, Taiwo B. Adedipe, Brittany Corbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge of prostate cancer and screening and its associated factors in young Black men aged 18 to 40 years. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a convenience sample of 267 young Black men in Austin, Texas. Knowledge about prostate cancer and screening was operationalized through 14 items, including 12 items from the Knowledge about Prostate Cancer Screening Questionnaire (PC knowledge), and two items assessing dietary knowledge and prostate cancer screening controversy. PC knowledge scores were regressed on age, cues to action, health screening experience, and demographic/personal factors. Most participants were African American men of American origin (65.3%) and were college freshmen (18.9%). PC knowledge scores were low, with mean correct responses of 28.5%, mean knowledge score of 5.25 ± 3.81 (possible score range of 0 to 14, with higher scores indicating higher PC knowledge) and a median score of 5.00. On average, 47% of the respondents replied “Don’t Know” to the questions. Overall, PC knowledge scores were low among these young Black men, especially in domains related to risk factors, screening age guidelines, limitations, and diet. It is thus important that these men be educated more on these important domains of prostate cancer and screening so that the decision to screen or not will be an informed one. Health screening experience, residence area, major field of study, and academic classification were significant predictors of knowledge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1008-1018
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Men's Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017


  • decision making
  • knowledge
  • prostate cancer
  • screening
  • young Black men

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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