KDOQI US Commentary on the 2020 KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline on the Evaluation and Management of Candidates for Kidney Transplantation

Chethan M. Puttarajappa, Carrie A. Schinstock, Christine M. Wu, Nicolae Leca, Vineeta Kumar, Brahm S. Vasudev, Sundaram Hariharan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Evaluation of patients for kidney transplant candidacy is a comprehensive process that involves a detailed assessment of medical and surgical issues, psychosocial factors, and patients’ physical and cognitive abilities with an aim of balancing the benefits of transplantation and potential risks of surgery and long-term immunosuppression. There is considerable variability among transplant centers in their approach to evaluation and decision-making regarding transplant candidacy. The 2020 KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Guidelines Outcome) clinical practice guideline on the evaluation and management of candidates for kidney transplantation provides practice recommendations that can serve as a useful reference guide to transplant professionals. The guideline, covering a broad range of topics, was developed by an international group of experts from transplant and nephrology through a review of literature published until May 2019. A work group of US transplant nephrologists convened by NKF-KDOQI (National Kidney Foundation–Kidney Disease Quality Initiative) chose key topics for this commentary with a goal of presenting a broad discussion to the US transplant community. Each section of this article has a summary of the key KDIGO guideline recommendations, followed by a brief commentary on the recommendations, their clinical utility, and potential implementation challenges. The KDOQI work group agrees broadly with the KDIGO recommendations but also recognizes and highlights the decision-making challenges that arise from lack of high-quality evidence and the need to balance equity with utility of organ transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-856
Number of pages24
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • Kidney transplantation
  • US health care policy
  • candidacy criteria
  • end-stage renal disease (ESRD)
  • evidence-based recommendation
  • guideline implementation
  • nephrology best practices
  • pretransplant evaluation
  • transplant candidate
  • transplant eligibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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