Is white rice consumption a risk for metabolic and cardiovascular outcomes? a systematic review and meta-analysis

Chayakrit Krittanawong, Anusith Tunhasiriwet, Hong Ju Zhang, Larry J. Prokop, Sakkarin Chirapongsathorn, Tao Sun, Zhen Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Objective The main objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the association between white rice consumption and risk of metabolic and cardiovascular outcomes. Methods We conducted a comprehensive search of Medline, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from database inception through March 2016. Original studies that reported associations between white rice consumption and cardiovascular outcomes regardless of study design were selected. We extracted study characteristics and outcome data. Conflicts were resolved through consensus. Using the DerSimonian and Laird random effects models, we calculated pooled relative risks with 95% CI. Results Our search identified 721 citations. 18 studies were included with a total of 1 777 059 individuals: 14 348 had type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); 5612 had metabolic syndrome (MetS); 10 839 had coronary heart disease (CHD); and 11 698 had stroke. Compared with the lowest category, the highest category of white rice consumption was only associated with 30% higher risk of MetS (pooled OR 1.30, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.65; p<0.001; I2=65.5%). Conclusions Higher white rice consumption has not been shown to be associated with increased risk of CHD, stroke and T2DM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number010909
JournalHeart Asia
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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