Iqmik: A form of smokeless tobacco used among Alaska natives

Caroline C. Renner, Carrie Enoch, Christi A. Patten, Jon O. Ebbert, Richard D. Hurt, Thomas P. Moyer, Ellen M. Provost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Objectives: To describe a homemade form of smokeless tobacco known as Iqmik used among Alaska Natives residing in western Alaska. Methods: Individual and small-group interviews were conducted with 23 adult Alaska Natives. The major themes from the interview data were summarized. A chemical analysis was conducted of the alkalinity of a sample of fungus ash used to prepare Iqmik. Results: Few adverse health effects of using Iqmik were reported. The alkalinity of the sample of fungus ash was high (pH=10.9). Conclusion: The high alkalinity of Iqmik may contribute to the higher rates of tobacco use in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)588-594
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005


  • Alaska Natives
  • Iqmik
  • Smokeless tobacco
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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