It has been suggested that insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) may play a role in early compensatory renal growth. Since IGF-1 action is influenced by IGF binding proteins (IGFBP), this study was conducted to characterize the changes in gene expression not only of IGF-1 and its receptor, but also of IGFBP in the hypertrophying kidney of adult and weanling rats 1 wk after removal of the other kidney. At this time, there were distinct age-dependent changes in the renal IGF-1 axis. In the mature kidney, IGF-1 mRNA levels fell without a change in kidney IGF-1 peptide content. Likewise, although IGFBP- 2, -3, and -5 mRNA levels fell, membrane-associated IGFBP did not change. IGF-1 receptor mRNA levels and IGF-1 receptor number both fell. In the weanling kidneys, IGF-1 mRNA and peptide levels and IGF-1 receptor binding were unaltered. However, IGFBP-3, -4, and -5 mRNA levels were increased, as were plasma membrane-associated IGFBP. Although these changes in the intrarenal IGF-1 axis were distinct, it is difficult to conceive how in either the mature or immature rat they could contribute to the ongoing compensatory renal growth that occurs 1 wk after loss of kidney mass unless IGF-1 were acting in a synergistic manner with other growth promoters.
|Number of pages
|Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
|Published - Jan 1 1999
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