Intracellular acidification and adp enhance nicorandil induction of ATP sensitive potassium channel current in cardiomyocytes

Arshad Jahangir, André Terzic, Yoshihisa Kurachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Objective: Potassium channel openers target ATP sensitive potassium (KATP) channels, and might be beneficial in the treatment of ischaemic cardiac conditions. Ischaemia is associated with an increase in the concentrations of intracellular nucleoside diphosphates and protons, two regulators of KATP channels. Since it is largely unknown whether these factors modulate the action of potassium channel openers, the aim of this study was to define the effects of ADP and intracellular acidification on KATP channel activation by nicorandil, a potassium channel opener currently in clinical use. Methods: To measure ionic currents, the whole cell patch clamp technique was employed in Guinea pig single ventricular myocytes. Induction of KATP channel current by pinacidil, a potassium channel opener chemically unrelated to nicorandil, was used for comparison. Results: Nicorandil (300 (μM) and pinacidil (100 μM) induced a time independent K+ current, which was inhibited by glibenclamide (6 μM), a selective blocker of KATP channels. ADP in the pipette solution was required for the nicorandil induced activation of KATP channels when the pH of the pipette solution was 7.2. In the absence of ADP, lowering the pH of the pipette solution to 6.5 was necessary for nicorandil to induce KATP channel current. For pinacidil to induce KATPchannel current neither the addition of intracellular ADP nor acidification was required. Conclusions: Nicorandil may activate KATP channel current more effectively in conditions associated with a change in intracellular proton and ADP concentrations such as cardiac ischaemia.Cardiovascular Research 1994;28:831-835.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)831-835
Number of pages5
JournalCardiovascular research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1994


  • ADP
  • Cardiac cells
  • KATP channels
  • Nicorandil
  • PH
  • Pinacidil
  • Potassium channel openers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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