Interprofessional Electronic Consultations for the Diagnosis and Management of Neuro-Ophthalmic Conditions

Timothy T. Xu, Felix F. Kung, Kevin E. Lai, Melissa W. Ko, Michael C. Brodsky, M. Tariq Bhatti, John J. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background:Interprofessional electronic consultation (eConsult) is a telemedicine modality in which consulting providers review outside records and provide recommendations without in-person consultation. The purpose of this study was to describe the utilization of eConsults in the management of neuro-ophthalmic conditions.Methods:Retrospective cohort study of all patients who received an eConsult for a neuro-ophthalmic condition at a single quaternary referral center from 2018 to 2020. Main outcome measures included proportion of eConsults in which sufficient data were provided to the neuro-ophthalmologist to generate a definitive management decision, proportion of patients for whom an in-person neuro-ophthalmology evaluation was recommended, and the eConsult's impact on patient care.Results:Eighty eConsults were conducted on 78 patients during the 3-year study period. Forty-eight (60.0%) subjects were female, mean age was 54 years, and 65 (81.3%) were White. The median time from eConsult request to completion was 4 days (range: 0-34 days). The most frequent eConsult questions were vision/visual field disturbances in 28 (35.0%) cases, optic neuropathies in 22 (27.5%), and optic disc edema in 17 (21.3%). At the time of eConsult, sufficient prior information was provided in 35 (43.8%) cases for the neuro-ophthalmologist to provide a definitive management decision. In 45 (56.3%) eConsults, further diagnostic testing was recommended. In-person neuro-ophthalmology consultation was recommended in 24 (30.0%) cases. Sixty-one (76.3%) eConsults provided diagnostic and/or treatment direction, and 12 (15.0%) provided reassurance.Conclusion:eConsults increase access to timely neuro-ophthalmic care and provide diagnostic and treatment direction to non-neuro-ophthalmology providers when sufficient information is provided at the time of eConsult.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-39
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuro-Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Clinical Neurology


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