A human mAb designated 4B4 with anti-Sm activity was derived from a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. This antibody expressed a lupus-associated cross-reactive Id, partially related to the monoclonal murine anti-Sm (Y2) from MRL/lpr mice. Studies were performed to investigate the ability of 4B4 to induce lupus in nonautoimmune-prone mice. BALB/c mice immunized with 4B4 produced antibodies to dsDNA, ssDNA, Sm ribonucleoprotein, and mouse Fc fragment. There was no antibody activity against SSA/Ro, SSB/La, and hen egg lysozyme. Ag inhibition studies show that the autoantibodies were not polyreactive. Mice were also immunized with r4B4 polypeptides representing the H/L heterodimer, H chain and L chain. Autoantibodies were induced in mice immunized against the H/L and H polypeptides. No autoantibodies were induced in mice immunized with recombinant L chain. Furthermore, from 20 to 68% of antibody activity to Sm or dsDNA could be inhibited with anti-Id antiserum (either anti-4B4 or Y2). The autoantibody was initially IgM and then underwent an isotype switch to IgG. These results show that lupus-associated autoantibodies can be induced by immunization with 4B4 and that the 4B4 VH region is important in this induction process. The finding of murine IgG autoantibody expressing a cross-reactive Id similar to the immunizing 4B4 suggests a role for anti-idiotypic Th cells in this autoimmune response.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Dec 15 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy