Increased rate of ptosis following glaucoma drainage device placement and other anterior segment surgery: a prospective analysis

Gavin W. Roddy, Bingying Zhao, Feng Wang, Chengbo Fang, Sunil S. Khanna, Jasmina Bajric, Cheryl L. Khanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: To determine the degree and rate of ptosis in patients undergoing glaucoma and cataract surgery. Methods: Patients undergoing cataract extraction (CE), trabeculectomy, or glaucoma drainage device (GDD) placement, or a combination, were consecutively enrolled by a sole surgeon. Eyelid measurements, including margin reflex distance 1 (MRD1) and levator function, were obtained preoperatively and at 1 and 3 months postoperatively. Primary outcome measures were the change in MRD1 pre- vs postoperatively; percentage of patients with ptosis (defined as MRD1 < 2 mm pre- vs postoperatively). Secondary measures were the absolute change in MRD1 between groups, decrease in MRD1 of ≥ 2 mm, and change in levator function. Results: In total, 104 eyes of 73 patients underwent CE, trabeculectomy, or GDD placement and completed at least 1-month follow-up; 93 eyes of 65 patients completed 3-month follow-up. MRD1 decreased significantly in trabeculectomy and GDD groups at 1 and 3 months postoperatively, while it did not change in the CE group. The GDD group had a significant increase in percentage of patients with ptosis at 3 months postoperatively. Conclusion: Patients who underwent glaucoma surgery, especially those who underwent GDD placement, were more likely to have postoperative ptosis than patients undergoing CE alone. High ptosis rates in patients undergoing glaucoma surgery may warrant preoperative counseling and post-operative referral to oculoplastic surgeons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1533-1541
Number of pages9
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020


  • Blepharoptosis
  • Glaucoma drainage device
  • MRD1
  • Ptosis
  • Trabeculectomy
  • Tube shunt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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