Increased Prevalence of Cerebrovascular Disease in Hospitalized Patients with Marfan Syndrome

Sarasa T. Kim, Harry Cloft, Kelly D. Flemming, David F. Kallmes, Giuseppe Lanzino, Waleed Brinjikji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose: Small studies have suggested that Marfan syndrome is associated with a number of cerebrovascular complications. We sought to determine whether a clinical diagnosis of Marfan syndrome is associated with a higher prevalence of cerebrovascular diseases than the general population by performing a case-control study of hospitalized patients in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS). Methods: Using the 2000-2012 NIS, we performed a case-control study matching cases of Marfan syndrome to controls without such a diagnosis. The prevalence of various cerebrovascular diseases between the 2 groups were compared, and multivariate logistic regression was used to adjust for suspected comorbidities. Results: Between 2000 and 2012, there were a total of 13,883 discharges carrying a diagnosis of Marfan syndrome. On univariate analysis, patients with Marfan syndrome were more likely to have a primary or secondary diagnosis of hemorrhagic stroke (0.5% versus 0.3%, odds ratio [OR] = 1.56, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.06-2.29, P = 0.02) as well as intracranial hemorrhage (subarachnoid hemorrhage [SAH] and hemorrhagic stroke) (0.3% versus 0.2%, OR = 1.72, 95% CI = 1.05-2.82, P = 0.03). Patients hospitalized with Marfan syndrome were significantly more likely to have carotid dissection (0.3% versus 0.0%, OR = 11.69, 95% CI = 3.60-38.08, P <. 0001) and cerebral aneurysms (0.2% versus 0.1%, OR = 3.67, 95% CI = 1.76-7.68, P = 0.0002). On multivariate analysis adjusted for age, race, and comorbidities, patients with Marfan syndrome had significantly higher odds of ischemic stroke (OR = 1.20, 95% CI = 1.02-1.43, P = 0.03), hemorrhagic stroke (OR = 1.75, 95% CI = 1.18-2.63, P = 0.005), carotid artery dissection (OR = 11.94, 95% CI = 4.23-50.03, P < 0.0001), and cerebral aneurysm (OR = 3.95, 95% CI = 1.95-8.90, P < 0.0001). Conclusions: There is a modestly increased prevalence of ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and cerebral aneurysms in hospitalized patients with Marfan syndrome when compared with controls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-300
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2018


  • Marfan syndrome
  • carotid aneurysm
  • carotid dissection
  • cerebral aneurysm
  • cerebrovascular malformation
  • hemorrhagic stroke
  • ischemic stroke
  • vertebral dissection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Surgery


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