Incidence, Outcomes, and Prediction of Postoperative Urinary Retention after a Nonurologic Procedure

Haidar M. Abdul-Muhsin, Nicholas Jakob, Stephen Cha, Nan Zhang, Adam Schwartz, Anojan Navaratnam, Aqsa Khan, Mitchell Humphreys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose:To develop a prognostic model to estimate postoperative urinary retention (POUR) after lower limb arthroplasty.Methods:One thousand two hundred twenty patients underwent 1,374 joint replacement operations (812 knees and 562 hips) between December 2008 and May 2014. Detailed variables were collected. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to identify the independent predictors for POUR. Boot strapping and stepwise elimination was used to design a predictive nomogram.Results:There were 124 incidents of POUR (9.02%) in 118 patients (90 knee, 34 hip, P = 0.001). On univariate analysis, patients who developed POUR were older (P < 0.001), had higher American Association of Anesthesiology scores (P = 0.007), underwent knee replacement (0.001), were obese (body mass index > 35) (P = 0.04), and were hypertensive (P = 0.029), with a history of benign prostatic hyperplasis (BPH) (P < 0.001) or neurologic disorders (P = 0.024). On multivariable analysis, age (60 to 69 years, P = 0.023, 70 to 79 yrs P = 0.008, >80 years P = 0.003), knee replacement (P = 0.014), and history of BPH (P = 0.013) were the independent predictors of POUR. A score was assigned to each predictor (total = 31). The C-index was 0.65. There were three risk categories as follows: 0 to 50, 51 to 85, and 86+ points resulting in 3.3%, 7.2%, and 14.0% risk of retention, respectively.Discussion:This nomogram reliably predicts the risk of POUR in patients undergoing hip and knee arthroplasties and may help planning preoperative interventions to decrease the risk of this complication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere19.00149
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Global Research and Reviews
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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