The purpose of this study is to develop an electromechanical system for dynamic simulation of the stance phase of a human gait using cadaveric foot specimens. The system can be used for quantification of foot and ankle pathomechanics and design of foot and ankle reconstructive surgeries. Servo-pneumatic systems were used for application of the tibial weight loading and muscle loadings. A four-bar mechanism was constructed to provide the progressive motion of a tibia during the simulation while the external loadings were simultaneously applied. Muscle loadings were estimated based on the physiological cross-sectional area and normal electromyography (EMG) data with the assumption of the linear EMG-force relationship. Ad hoc tuning of the unknown muscle gains was conducted until a reasonable match with the normal vertical ground reaction force profile, center of pressure advancement, and characteristic foot motion events (heel strike, foot flat, heel rise and toe-off) could be made. Three cadaver feet and an artificial foot were tested with five repeated trials. The simulator reproduced the stance phase of a human gait in the sagittal plane with reasonable accuracy and consistency without compromising either kinematics or kinetics of the foot and ankle complex.
- Ankle biomechanics
- In vitro
- Neuromuscular control
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine