In vitro measurement of muscle volume with 3-dimensional ultrasound

A. Delcker, F. Walker, J. Caress, C. Hunt, C. Tegeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The aim was to test the accuracy of muscle volume measurements with a new 3-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound system, which allows a freehand scanning of the transducer with an improved quality of the ultrasound images and therefore the outlines of the muscles. Five resected cadaveric hand muscles were insonated and the muscle volumes calculated by 3-D reconstructions of the acquired 2-D ultrasound sections. Intra-reader, inter-reader and follow- up variability were calculated, as well as the volume of the muscle tissue measured by water displacement. In the results, 3-D ultrasound and water displacement measurements showed an average deviation of 10.1%; Data of 3-D ultrasound measurements were: intra-reader variability 2.8%; inter-reader variability 2.4% and follow-up variability 2.3%. 3-D measurements of muscle volume are valid and reliable. Serial sonographic measurements of muscle may be able to quantitate changes in muscle volume that occur in disease and recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-190
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Ultrasound
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1999


  • 3-D ultrasound
  • Muscle
  • Volume measurements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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