Implant-Related Complications: Relevant Anatomy and Approaches for Prevention

Niyada Naksuk, David L. Hayes, Paul A. Friedman, Samuel J. Asirvatham

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Potential complications associated with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs), pulse generator changes, and system upgrades are not uncommon, with an overall estimated rate of 5. 4–9. 5%This chapter reviews complications found in CIEDs, especially from a pacemaker and an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD)Unique complications found in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices, subcutaneous ICDs, and leadless devices are discussedCRT implantation or the CIED system should be performed when patients are stable in the outpatient setting without heart failure exacerbationThe chapter also presents potentially modifiable predictors of CIED complications that can be targeted for preventionImmediate and acute complications directly related to implantation are frequent and may be detected early after the index procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCardiac Pacing, Defibrillation and Resynchronization
Subtitle of host publicationA Clinical Approach, Fourth Edition
Number of pages40
ISBN (Electronic)9781119264002
ISBN (Print)9781119263968
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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