Impact of tracheostomy placement on anxiety in mechanically ventilated adult ICU patients

Stephanie J. Breckenridge, Linda Chlan, Kay Savik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine if self-reported anxiety levels decreased after tracheostomy placement in a sample of mechanically ventilated intensive care unit patients. Background: There is limited research regarding the impact of a tracheostomy on patients' anxiety. Elevated anxiety delays healing and contributes to long-term mental health complications. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of data from a large clinical trial conducted in urban Minnesota. Fifty-one of 116 patients received a tracheostomy. Anxiety scores were obtained daily using the Visual Analog Scale-Anxiety. Mixed model analysis was used to compare anxiety ratings pre- and post-tracheostomy. Results: There was no significant decrease in anxiety following tracheostomy after controlling for time and gender (all p>.16). Age was the only variable to impact anxiety levels: anxiety scores increased as age increased (p=.02). Conclusions: Prospective studies are needed to more accurately assess the impact of tracheostomy placement on patient anxiety and salient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-398
Number of pages7
JournalHeart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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