Impact of Chronic Immunosuppression on Short-, Mid-, and Long-Term Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

Justin Maroun, Ahmet Vahibe, Meera Shah, Manpreet S. Mundi, Andres Acosta, Travis J. McKenzie, Todd A. Kellogg, Omar M. Ghanem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Bariatric surgical outcomes depend heavily on proper healing of gastrointestinal anatomy, metabolic alterations, and patient lifestyle modifications which are all negatively impacted by immunosuppression and underlying inflammatory diseases. There is a lack of literature exploring how patients with diseases requiring immunosuppression respond to bariatric surgical intervention in the long term. Methods: A retrospective analysis of chronically immunosuppressed patients who underwent primary bariatric surgeries at Mayo Clinic was conducted (2008–2020). Data collected included patient demographics, BMI, underlying disease, and immunosuppression regimen and complications at 3, 6, 12, 24, and 60 months. Results: We identified a total of 89 (RYGB = 49, SG = 34, BPD/DS = 6) patients on chronic immunosuppression who underwent bariatric surgery at our center. RYGB (N = 49), 38.2% had a SG (N = 34) and 6.7% had a BPD/DS (N = 6). Rheumatoid arthritis and renal transplantation were the most underlying condition at 20.22% each (N = 18). There were a total of 2 (2.25%) intraoperative complications. In the immediate post-operative period, there were 15 (16.5%) minor complications. In follow-up, 6.1% of RYGB patients experienced marginal ulcerations, while no gastrointestinal leaks occurred. The mean pre-surgical BMI was 48.29 kg/m2 (SD = 18.41). Percent total weight loss (%TWL) and BMI reduction were 30.89% and 14.83 kg/m2 (SD = 9.07) at 12 months and 29.48% and 14.43 kg/m2 (SD = 13.46) at 60 months, respectively. The mean follow-up time was 30.49 months. Conclusions: Bariatric surgery remains safe and effective therapy for chronically immunosuppressed patients with excellent long-term outcomes for patients with moderate to severe obesity. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)240-246
Number of pages7
JournalObesity Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • Bariatric surgery
  • Immunocompromised patients
  • Immunosuppression
  • Surgical complications
  • Surgical outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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