Image-based dual energy CT improvements using gram-schmidt method

Kyung Kook Park, Metin Akay, William Pavlicek, Thomas Boltz, Robert Paden, Amy Hara

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Dual energy x-ray CT images are computed using either image or projection data. The latter is thought to be preferable for two-material decomposition. Nonetheless, using effective energies of polychromatic x-ray beams at separated kVp values, material decomposition and pseudo-monochromatic reconstruction can be performed from reconstructed images. This image-based approach generates added noise which should benefit from applying processing for noise reduction. A set of material attenuation information so produced defines a vector space, which represents the true material property but is predefined from mass attenuation coefficients of major body-composite materials. We assumed 53keV and 72keV x-ray effective energies for 80kVp and 140kVp dual energy CT. The Gram-Schmidt process was applied to remove noise orthogonal to the vector spaces of the body-composite materials. Two-material decomposition was performed, and monochromatic and density images were reconstructed. Evaluations of image noise, Hounsfield unit accuracy, and resolution with a phantom, as well as with abdominal images, demonstrates improved CNR and SNR without loss of detail. This method of noise suppression also produced high quality density maps of two basis materials. Since dual energy CT currently uses slightly above average radiation dose, this method has the potential for lowering dose in addition to improving image quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2009
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics of Medical Imaging
StatePublished - 2009
EventMedical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: Feb 9 2009Feb 12 2009

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


OtherMedical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL


  • Computerized tomography
  • DECT
  • Density imaging
  • Dual-energy CT
  • Image enhancement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Biomaterials


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