Purpose: To identify molecular predictors of grade 3/4 neutropenic or leukopenic events (NLE) after chemotherapy using a genome-wide association study (GWAS). Experimental Design: A GWAS was performed on patients in the phase III chemotherapy study SUCCESS-A (n = 3,322). Genotyping was done using the Illumina HumanOmniExpress-12v1 array. Findings were functionally validated with cell culture models and the genotypes and gene expression of possible causative genes were correlated with clinical treatment response and prognostic outcomes. Results: One locus on chromosome 16 (rs4784750; NLRC5; P = 1.56E-8) and another locus on chromosome 13 (rs16972207; TNFSF13B; P = 3.42E-8) were identified at a genome-wide significance level. Functional validation revealed that expression of these two genes is altered by genotype-dependent and chemotherapy-dependent activity of two transcription factors. Genotypes also showed an association with disease-free survival in patients with an NLE. Conclusions: Two loci in NLRC5 and TNFSF13B are associated with NLEs. The involvement of theMHCI regulator NLRC5 implies the possible involvement of immuno-oncological pathways.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Medicine