Identification of Th0 cells responding to measles virus

Rawleigh C. Howe, Inna G. Ovsyannikova, Norman A. Pinsky, Gregory A. Poland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Mechanisms involved in the induction of immunity to measles virus (MV) are not well understood. In the present study, we assessed proliferation, interferon (IFN)-γ, and interleukin (IL)-4 production of MV-specific T cells after secondary in vitro stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from human donors. Such secondary stimulation resulted in responses substantially higher than after primary in vitro exposure. Most study participants produced both IFN-γ and IL-4 after secondary in vitro stimulation. Patterns of secondary in vitro responses that use genetically disparate antigen-presenting cells were consistent with T-cell recognition restricted to human leukocyte antigen class II molecules. Limiting dilution analyses indicated that precursor frequencies of cytokine secreting and proliferating cells ranged from about 0.001% to 0.1% among fresh PBMCs. Split-well analyses of limiting dilution cultures suggested that virtually all putative T-cell clones produced either IFN-γ alone or both IFN-γ and IL-4. Intracytoplasmic flow cytometric analysis of polyclonal MV-specific secondary in vitro responding T cells revealed a similar pattern of cytokine expression. These results suggest that memory T cells responding in vitro to MV generate cells that produce either IFN-γ alone (and resemble Th1-like cells) or secreted both IFN-γ and IL-4 (resembling Th0-like cells) in vitro with few cells expressing a Th2-like pattern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104-115
Number of pages12
JournalHuman Immunology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2005


  • CD4 T cells
  • IFN-γ
  • IL-4
  • Measles virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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