Hybrid Ia antigens: Genetic, serologic, and biochemical analyses

W. P. Lafuse, S. Yokota, C. S. David

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ia specificities 22 and 23 were found to be determinants on hybrid Ia molecules, formed by the noncovalent binding of a 26,000-28,000 dalton beta polypeptide chain (A(e)) coded by the I-A subregion and a 32,000-35,000 dalton alpha chain (Eα) coded by the I-E subregion. For expression of Ia.23 the A(e) chain, coded by the I-A subregion, must be derived from the H-2(d) haplotype, while A(b), A(s), or A(k) can provide the complementing beta chain for the expression of Ia.22. For expression of Ia.22 and Ia.23, most Ia.7 positive strains can provide the complementing alpha chain (Eα), with the one exception of B10.PL (E(u)), which is Ia.7 positive but will not complement with A(d) to express Ia.23. Antisera were also produced against hybrid Ia antigens by immunizing with F1 cells expressing Ia.22 or Ia.23 generated by transcomplementation. These antisera detect the same specificities as conventional anti-Ia.22 and anti-Ia.23 sera produced against cis-complementing Ia antigens. It is postulated that hybrid Ia determinants are involved in recognition and generation of immune response to antigens under dual Ir gene control. It is also suggested that there are 2 types of Ia specificities: 1) allotypic Ia specificities expressed on the alpha or beta chains (for example, Ia.7 on the Eα chain) and 2) hybrid Ia specificities, which are unique interaction determinants formed by the association of alpha and beta chains (for example, Ia.22 and Ia.23). These interaction gene products may be involved in antigen recognition and presentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-106
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Supramolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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