Lutetium 177 (177Lu) DOTA-0-Tyr3-Octreotate (DOTATATE) peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) is an effective treatment for advanced gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. This review presents a clinical practice workflow that has been successful since 177Lu DOTATATE PRRT was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The workflow relies heavily on the input of a multidisciplinary team and involves a nuclear medicine consultation service, tumor board, and specific preparations in advance of therapy and day-of-therapy procedures. A systematic checklist designed to ensure appropriate selection of treatment candidates and identification of any concerns to address to safely administer PRRT is provided. All patients were evaluated with gallium 68 DOTATATE PET/CT, and in cases of high-grade tumors, they were also evaluated with fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT, with imaging findings reviewed as part of the systematic checklist before PRRT. Adverse effects are discussed and imaging follow-up regimens are reviewed, including alternative diagnostic contrast materials. Approaches to multiple challenging patient scenarios are illustrated through case examples. Finally, alternative theranostic radionuclides and treatment strategies are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging