How to monitor and advise vegans to ensure adequate nutrient intake

Heather Fields, Barbara Ruddy, Mark R. Wallace, Amit Shah, Denise Millstine, Lisa Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Clinical Question: Do nutritional risks exist for vegans? Evidence: Vegans may be at increased risk for deficiencies in vitamin B12, iron, calcium, vitamin D, omega-3 fatty acids, and protein; however, implications are not always clear. Recommendation: Physicians should encourage vegan patients to vary their sources of nutrients. Periodic monitoring of serum nutrient levels is also recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-99
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Osteopathic Association
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'How to monitor and advise vegans to ensure adequate nutrient intake'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this