How to design, fabricate, and validate a customized COMS-style eye plaque: Illustrated with a narrow-slotted plaque example

Christopher L. Deufel, Lauren A. Dalvin, Jing Qian, Birjoo Vaishnav, Jordan Mc Cauley Cutsinger, Michelle Neben Wittich, Ivy A. Petersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: A customized Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS)-style eye plaque may provide superior dosimetric coverage compared with standard models for certain intraocular tumor locations and shapes. This work provides a recipe for developing and validating such customized plaques. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The concept-into-clinical treatment process for a customized COMS-style eye plaque begins with a CAD model design that meets the specifications of the radiation oncologist and surgeon based on magnetic resonance, ultrasound, and clinical measurements, as well as a TG-43 hybrid heterogeneity-corrected dose prediction to model the dose distribution. Next, a 3D printed plastic prototype is created and reviewed. After design approval, a Modulay plaque is commercially fabricated. Quality assurance (QA) is subsequently performed to verify the physical measurements of the Modulay and Silastic and also includes dosimetric measurement of the calibration, depth dose, and dose profiles. Sterilization instructions are provided by the commercial fabricator. This customization procedure and QA methodology is demonstrated with a narrow-slotted plaque that was recently constructed for the treatment of a circumpapillary (e.g., surrounding the optic disk) ocular tumor. RESULTS: The production of a customized COMS-style eye plaque is a multistep process. Dosimetric modeling is recommended to ensure that the design will meet the patient's needs, and QA is essential to confirm that the plaque has the proper dimensions and dose distribution. The customized narrow-slotted plaque presented herein was successfully implemented in the clinic, and provided superior dose coverage of juxtapapillary and circumpapillary tumors compared with standard or notched COMS-style plaques. Plaque development required approximately 30 h of physicist time and a fabrication cost of $1500. CONCLUSION: Customized eye plaques may be used to treat intraocular tumors that cannot be adequately managed with standard models. The procedure by which a customized COMS-style plaque may be designed, fabricated, and validated was presented along with a clinical example.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1235-1244
Number of pages10
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021


  • Brachytherapy
  • Circumpapillary
  • Coms
  • Customized
  • Eye plaque
  • Intraocular tumor
  • Juxtapapillary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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