BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to prospectively analyze which personality traits, clinical psychiatric states, and patient decision-making characteristics predict who will be less satisfied after facial plastic surgery. METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 60 adult subjects into one of three groups: aesthetic, functional, and reconstructive facial plastic surgery procedures (n = 20 in each group) from November of 2011 to February of 2016. Self-report surveys of personality traits (i.e., NEO Personality Inventory-Revised), psychiatric state (i.e., Patient Health Questionnaire, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Health Anxiety Inventory-Short Form), and decision-making characteristics (maximizer/satisficer survey) were given during the preoperative clinic visits. In postoperative follow-up, satisfaction questionnaires at 3, 6, and 12 months were administered. Data analysis examined associations between patient satisfaction, decision-making characteristics, and psychiatric variables. RESULTS: Bivariate analyses showed that maximizer/satisficer decision-making style was significantly related to patient satisfaction scores in the year following surgery. This difference reached statistical significance at 6 months and remained a strong trend at 12 months. Patients who were less than extremely satisfied at both postoperative time points were more likely to portray the maximizer decision-making style. No other variables were associated with patient satisfaction at any time point. Maximizer/satisficer survey scores were not associated with self-reports of depression, anxiety, or illness anxiety. Mean scores on the maximizer/satisficer survey did not differ among the aesthetic, functional, and reconstructive groups. CONCLUSIONS: The maximizer/satisficer survey captures an aspect of patient care not traditionally measured by standard clinical psychometric screening tools to help predict satisfaction. A short questionnaire targeting consumer decision-making may be a helpful tool for preoperative counseling.
ASJC Scopus subject areas