The current standard of care in smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) is close surveillance, outside of clinical trials. Efforts are being made to understand the pathobiologic process that leads to the progression of SMM to active MM. This review provides a critical description of available data, including risk factors and risk models of progression, as well as clinical trials investigating interventions for this patient population. We describe 2 cases in which patients were seen before the concept of a myeloma-defining event was established. Today, based on the International Myeloma Working Group criteria, both patients would have been identified as experiencing myeloma-defining events, and therapy would have been initiated. These cases show that occasionally, patients can undergo observation only, even when they exceed criteria for high-risk SMM.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology