It is well known that hemoglobin binds nitric oxide (NO) and produces a pronounced vasoconstriction in isolated arteries. However, it is debatable whether such an effect takes place in whole animals, because hemoglobin also catalyzes the formation of prostaglandins from arachidonic acid. Short-term studies were performed to evaluate the effects induced by intravenous infusion of cross-linked hemoglobin (XL-Hb) on blood pressure (BP) and renal, iliac, and mesenteric flows, and on renal function in six anesthetized dogs. A similar volume-matched expansion with 6% dextran was used as a control (n = 6). Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), urinary flow, and total and fractional sodium excretion were measured before and after XL-Hb or dextran infusion to evaluate possible renal function changes. XL-Hb administration resulted in a 29% elevation in BP and a significant decrease of blood flow (30-37%) to the three vascular beds. XL-Hb did not alter GFR or sodium excretion, despite the increase in BP. In contrast, the administration of dextran did not significantly alter BP but induced a significant increase (6-13%) of blood flow in the three vascular beds. These changes were accompanied by threefold increases in urinary flow and sodium excretion without alterations in GFR. The binding effect of XL-Hb on NO was studied in isolated renal arteries in organ chambers. These in vitro studies showed that XL-Hb blunted the endothelium-mediated vasodilator response to calcium ionophore A-23187 and to acetylcholine. Our results demonstrate that XL-Hb administration is followed by hypertension, vasoconstriction, and blunted natriuresis. All these effects are compatible with the scavenging effect on NO attributed to XL-Hb.
|American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
|Published - Mar 1 1997
- nitric oxide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)