Group Video Feedback is an Effective and Efficient Tool for Enhancing Skills of Surgical Interns

Yazan Aljamal, Humza Saleem, Nicholas Prabhakar, Chandra Abhishek, David R. Farley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Our group has shown that personalized video feedback (PVF) is better than a task demonstration video at increasing wound closure skills among incoming surgical interns. However, offering PVF can be time-consuming. We sought to compare the educational effects and time required for group video feedback (GVF) and PVF. Methods: We have mailed our matched incoming “surgical” interns a “welcome package” in mid-March for the past 3 y. The package includes similar resources each year. Incoming interns were asked to video record themselves performing six tasks three separate times between April 1 and June 15. After each submission in 2016 and 2017, incoming interns received 2 min of personalized feedback on their three separate wound closure videos (PVF). In 2018, incoming interns received 5 min of group-based feedback three separate times covering all six tasks (GVF). We compared performance (July Surgical Olympics) of these six skills against the interns from the previous 2 y who received PVF on only one skill (suturing). Results: Twenty-three incoming interns received the pre-residency package and participated in the 2018 Surgical Olympics. This 2018 GVF class had a higher overall mean score for six stations (31.5 [standard deviation = ±7.7]) than the 2016 and 2017 PVF classes (25.6 [standard deviation = ±8]; P < 0.0001). Knot tying ability and suturing skill were similar between the classes. The GVF group performed better on the remaining four skills. The total time of surgical staff and educators spent per class in 2018 (GVF class) was 30 min and includes six tasks compared with 276 min of effort in each of the 2016 and 2017 classes (PVF included one task). Conclusions: GVF and PVF as a component of preemptive training had the same effect on improving suturing skills among the interns. GVF required less educator editing and voice over time. GVF is effective and efficient in enhancing incoming interns' performance in multiple skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-253
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Jul 2020


  • Assessment
  • Education
  • Match
  • Self-regulating
  • Simulation
  • Surgery
  • Surgical olympics
  • Video feedback

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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