Gradient pre-emphasis to counteract first-order concomitant fields on asymmetric MRI gradient systems

Shengzhen Tao, Paul T. Weavers, Joshua D. Trzasko, Yunhong Shu, John Huston, Seung Kyun Lee, Louis M. Frigo, Matt A. Bernstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Purpose: To develop a gradient pre-emphasis scheme that prospectively counteracts the effects of the first-order concomitant fields for any arbitrary gradient waveform played on asymmetric gradient systems, and to demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach using a real-time implementation on a compact gradient system. Methods: After reviewing the first-order concomitant fields that are present on asymmetric gradients, we developed a generalized gradient pre-emphasis model assuming arbitrary gradient waveforms to counteract their effects. A numerically straightforward, easily implemented approximate solution to this pre-emphasis problem was derived that was compatible with the current hardware infrastructure of conventional MRI scanners for eddy current compensation. The proposed method was implemented on the gradient driver subsystem, and its real-time use was tested using a series of phantom and in vivo data acquired from two-dimensional Cartesian phase-difference, echo-planar imaging, and spiral acquisitions. Results: The phantom and in vivo results demonstrated that unless accounted for, first-order concomitant fields introduce considerable phase estimation error into the measured data and result in images with spatially dependent blurring/distortion. The resulting artifacts were effectively prevented using the proposed gradient pre-emphasis. Conclusion: We have developed an efficient and effective gradient pre-emphasis framework to counteract the effects of first-order concomitant fields of asymmetric gradient systems. Magn Reson Med 77:2250–2262, 2017.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2250-2262
Number of pages13
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2017


  • Maxwell field
  • asymmetric gradient
  • compact 3T
  • concomitant field
  • gradient pre-emphasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'Gradient pre-emphasis to counteract first-order concomitant fields on asymmetric MRI gradient systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this