Glioma groups based on 1p/19q, IDH, and TERT promoter mutations in tumors

Jeanette E. Eckel-Passow, Daniel H. Lachance, Annette M. Molinaro, Kyle M. Walsh, Paul A. Decker, Hugues Sicotte, Melike Pekmezci, Terri Rice, Matt L. Kosel, Ivan V. Smirnov, Gobinda Sarkar, Alissa A. Caron, Thomas M. Kollmeyer, Corinne E. Praska, Anisha R. Chada, Chandralekha Halder, Helen M. Hansen, Lucie S. McCoy, Paige M. Bracci, Roxanne MarshallShichun Zheng, Gerald F. Reis, Alexander R. Pico, Brian P. O'Neill, Jan C. Buckner, Caterina Giannini, Jason T. Huse, Arie Perry, Tarik Tihan, Mitchell S. Berger, Susan M. Chang, Michael D. Prados, Joseph Wiemels, John K. Wiencke, Margaret R. Wrensch, Robert B. Jenkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

959 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND The prediction of clinical behavior, response to therapy, and outcome of infiltrative glioma is challenging. On the basis of previous studies of tumor biology, we defined five glioma molecular groups with the use of three alterations: mutations in the TERT promoter, mutations in IDH, and codeletion of chromosome arms 1p and 19q (1p/19q codeletion). We tested the hypothesis that within groups based on these features, tumors would have similar clinical variables, acquired somatic alterations, and germline variants. METHODS We scored tumors as negative or positive for each of these markers in 1087 gliomas and compared acquired alterations and patient characteristics among the five primary molecular groups. Using 11,590 controls, we assessed associations between these groups and known glioma germline variants. RESULTS Among 615 grade II or III gliomas, 29% had all three alterations (i.e., were triple-positive), 5% had TERT and IDH mutations, 45% had only IDH mutations, 7% were triple-negative, and 10% had only TERT mutations; 5% had other combinations. Among 472 grade IV gliomas, less than 1% were triple-positive, 2% had TERT and IDH mutations, 7% had only IDH mutations, 17% were triple-negative, and 74% had only TERT mutations. The mean age at diagnosis was lowest (37 years) among patients who had gliomas with only IDH mutations and was highest (59 years) among patients who had gliomas with only TERT mutations. The molecular groups were independently associated with overall survival among patients with grade II or III gliomas but not among patients with grade IV gliomas. The molecular groups were associated with specific germline variants. CONCLUSIONS Gliomas were classified into five principal groups on the basis of three tumor markers. The groups had different ages at onset, overall survival, and associations with germline variants, which implies that they are characterized by distinct mechanisms of pathogenesis. (Funded by the National Institutes of Health and others.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2499-2508
Number of pages10
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Issue number26
StatePublished - Jun 25 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Glioma groups based on 1p/19q, IDH, and TERT promoter mutations in tumors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this