Genotype-Dependent Serologic Reactivities in Patients Infected With Hepatitis C Virus in the United States

Nizar N. Zein, Jorge Rakela, David H. Persing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


To evaluate the serologic reactivities in patients infected with different hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes to four HCV proteins that are components of the second-generation recombinant immunoblot assay. Serum samples from 36 patients with chronic HCV infection were obtained. RNA was extracted by using chaotropic lysis and isopropanol precipitation. Reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction of the NS-5 region was performed, followed by automated single-pass dideoxy sequencing of desalted amplification products. Classification of isolated HCV subtypes was based on Simmonds' system. All samples were tested for antibodies to proteins 5-1-1, C100-3, C33c, and C22-3 with the second-generation recombinant immunoblot assay. Reactivity to protein 5-1-1 was significantly lower for patients with genotypes 2b and 3a than for those infected with HCV types 1a or 1b (P<0.05). Antibody reactivity to the C100-3 protein was also reduced in patients infected with HCV types 2b and 3a. These data indicate that the genotype-dependent differences in serologic reactivities are substantial among patients with chronic HCV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-452
Number of pages4
JournalMayo Clinic proceedings
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1995


  • HCV
  • PCR
  • RIBA
  • cDNA
  • complementary DNA
  • enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
  • hepatitis C virus
  • polymerase chain reaction
  • recombinant immunoblot assay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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