Genomic abnormalities in monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance

Rafael Fonseca, Richard J. Bailey, Gregory J. Ahmann, S. Vincent Rajkumar, James D. Hoyer, John A. Lust, Robert A. Kyle, Morie A. Gertz, Philip R. Greipp, Gordon W. Dewald

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290 Scopus citations


Translocations involving immunoglobulin (Ig) loci and chromosome 13 monosomy (Δ13) are frequent cytogenetic findings in multiple myeloma (MM). Similar chromosomal aberrations have been identified in the monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), but their prevalence and significance remain uncertain. Bone marrow from 72 patients with MGUS (n = 62) and smoldering MM (n = 10) was evaluated for translocations between the Ig heavy chain (IgH) and chromosomes 4, 11, and 16, translocations involving Ig light chain-lambda (IgL-λ, and Δ13. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis was done on clonal plasma cells (PCs) detected by immunofluorescence (cig-FISH) of the cytoplasmic light chain. We also studied cells for cyclin D1 and FGFR3 up-regulation by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence, respectively. Twenty-seven (46%) of 59 patients had IgH translocations, and 4 (11%) of 37 had an IgL-λ translocation. A t(11;14)(q13;q32) was found in 15 (25%) of 59 patients, a t(4;14)(p16.3;q32) in 9% of patients, and a t(14;16)(q32;q23) in 5% of patients. All patients with t(4;14)(p16.3;q32) tested (n = 3) had intense cytoplasmic fluorescence with an anti-FGFR3 antibody. PC nuclear staining of cyclin D1 was only observed in patients with t(11;14)(q13;q32); Δ13 was detected in the clonal PCs in 50% of patients. The percentage of abnormal PCs varied with any given abnormality. No obvious clinical or biologic correlations were associated with these chromosome abnormalities. Similar translocations are found in both MGUS and MM, including t(4;14)(p16.3;q32) and t(14;16)(q32;q23). Moreover, Δ13 is common in MGUS and unlikely to play a predominant role in the evolution of MGUS to MM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1417-1424
Number of pages8
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 15 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology


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