Genetic Susceptibility and Mechanisms Underlying the Pathogenesis of Anthracycline-Associated Cardiotoxicity

Yonghe Ding, Ke Du, Yu Juan Niu, Yong Wang, Xiaolei Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Anthracyclines are chemotherapeutic agents widely used to treat a variety of cancers, and these drugs have revolutionized our management of cancer patients. The dose-dependent cardiotoxicity of anthracyclines, however, remains one of the leading causes of chemotherapy treatment-associated mortality in cancer survivors. Patient threshold doses leading to anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity (AIC) are highly variable among affected patients. This variability is largely ascribed to genetic variants in individuals' genomes. Here, we briefly discuss the prevailing mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of AIC, and then, we review the genetic variants, mostly identified through human genetic approaches and identified in cancer survivors. The identification of all genetic susceptibilities and elucidation of underlying mechanisms of AIC can help improve upfront risk prediction assessment for potentially severe cardiotoxicity disease and provide valuable insights into the understanding of AIC pathophysiology, which can be further leveraged to develop targeted pharmacogenetic therapies for those at high risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5818612
JournalOxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
StatePublished - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Aging
  • Cell Biology


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