Objective - Adhesive interactions between cells and the extracellular matrix play an important role in inflammatory diseases like atherosclerosis. We investigated the role of the collagen-binding integrin α1β1 in atherosclerosis. Methods and Results - ApoE-/- mice were α1-deficient or received early or delayed anti-α1 antibody treatment. Deficiency in α1 integrin reduced the area of atherosclerotic plaques and altered plaque composition by reducing inflammation and increasing extracellular matrix. In advanced plaques, α1-deficient mice had a reduced macrophage and CD3+ cell content, collagen and smooth muscle cell content increased, lipid core sizes decreased, and cartilaginous metaplasia occurred. Anti-α1 antibody treatment reduced the macrophage content in initial plaques after early and delayed treatment, decreased the CD3+ cell content in advanced plaques after delayed treatment, and increased the collagen content in initial and advanced plaques after delayed treatment. Migration assays performed on α1-deficient macrophages on collagen I and IV substrata revealed that α1-deficient cells can migrate on collagen I, but not IV. Anti-α1 antibody treatment of ApoE-/- macrophages also inhibited migration of cells on collagen IV. Conclusions - Our results suggest that α1β1 integrin is involved in atherosclerosis by mediating the migration of leukocytes to lesions by adhesion to collagen IV. Blocking this integrin reduces atherosclerosis and induces a stable plaque phenotype.
|Number of pages
|Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
|Published - Sep 2005
- Extracellular matrix
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine