We report the isolation and characterization of a novel DNA marker (1A1) in Xqter in the region of the fragile X. Genetic studies in families segregating for the fragile X syndrome suggest that 1A1 lies between the disease mutation and the distal locus, DXS52. Studies in normal and fragile X families show that 1A1 is tightly linked to DXS52 (Zmax = 17.20; θmax = 0.03) and F8 (Zmax = 7.01; θmax = 0.08). Multipoint mapping of families supports the order Xcen-DXS105-FRAXA-1A1-DXS52-(F8, DXS115)-Xqter. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) studies demonstrate that 1A1 defines a new region of at least 2 Mb of DNA not physically linked to DXS52 or F8, thus extending the physical map of Xq27-qter to over 4 Mb. Complex partial digestion PFGE patterns, probably due to differing degrees of methylation, are observed with 1A1 in unrelated normal and fragile-X-positive individuals, whereas other distal markers give uniform digestion profiles. Physical data suggest that 1A1 lies in a region less CpG rich than other distal markers in Xq27-qter.
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