Generation of a hypomorphic model of propionic acidemia amenable to gene therapy testing

Adam J. Guenzel, Sean E. Hofherr, Matthew Hillestad, Mary Barry, Eric Weaver, Sarah Venezia, Jan P. Kraus, Dietrich Matern, Michael A. Barry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Propionic acidemia (PA) is a recessive genetic disease that results in an inability to metabolize certain amino acids and odd-chain fatty acids. Current treatment involves restricting consumption of these substrates or liver transplantation. Deletion of the Pcca gene in mice mimics the most severe forms of the human disease. Pcca - mice die within 36 hours of birth, making it difficult to test intravenous systemic therapies in them. We generated an adult hypomorphic model of PA in Pcca - mice using a transgene bearing an A138T mutant of the human PCCA protein. Pcca -/- (A138T) mice have 2% of wild-type PCC activity, survive to adulthood, and have elevations in propionyl-carnitine, methylcitrate, glycine, alanine, lysine, ammonia, and markers associated with cardiomyopathy similar to those in patients with PA. This adult model allowed gene therapy testing by intravenous injection with adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) and adeno-associated virus 2/8 (AAV8) vectors. Ad5-mediated more rapid increases in PCCA protein and propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC) activity in the liver than AAV8 and both vectors reduced propionylcarnitine and methylcitrate levels. Phenotypic correction was transient with first generation Ad whereas AAV8-mediated long-lasting effects. These data suggest that this PA model may be a useful platform for optimizing systemic intravenous therapies for PA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1316-1323
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Therapy
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery


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