Gene identification in the congenital disorders of glycosylation type i by whole-exome sequencing

Sharita Timal, Alexander Hoischen, Ludwig Lehle, Maciej Adamowicz, Karin Huijben, Jolanta Sykut-cegielska, Justyna Paprocka, Ewa Jamroz, Francjan J. Van spronsen, Christian Körner, Christian Gilissen, Richard J. Rodenburg, Ilse Eidhof, Lambert Van den heuvel, Christian Thiel, Ron A. Wevers, Eva Morava, Joris Veltman, Dirk J. Lefeber

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119 Scopus citations


Congenital disorders of glycosylation type I (CDG-I) form a growing group of recessive neurometabolic diseases. Identification of disease genes is compromised by the enormous heterogeneity in clinical symptoms and the large number of potential genes involved. Until now, gene identification included the sequential application of biochemical methods in blood samples and fibroblasts. In genetically unsolved cases, homozygosity mapping has been applied in consanguineous families. Altogether, this time-consuming diagnostic strategy led to the identification of defects in 17 different CDG-I genes. Here, we applied whole-exome sequencing (WES) in combination with the knowledge of the protein N-glycosylation pathway for gene identification in our remaining group of six unsolved CDG-I patients from unrelated non-consanguineous families. Exome variants were prioritized based on a list of 76 potential CDG-I candidate genes, leading to the rapid identification of one known and two novel CDG-I gene defects. These included the first X-linked CDG-I due to a de novo mutation in ALG13, and compound heterozygous mutations in DPAGT1, together the first two steps in dolichol-PP-glycan assembly, and mutations in PGM1 in two cases, involved in nucleotide sugar biosynthesis. The pathogenicity of the mutations was confirmed by showing the deficient activity of the corresponding enzymes in patient fibroblasts. Combined with these results, the gene defect has been identified in 98% of our CDG-I patients. Our results implicate the potential of WES to unravel disease genes in the CDG-I in newly diagnosed singleton families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberdds123
Pages (from-to)4151-4161
Number of pages11
JournalHuman molecular genetics
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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