Fourth Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction (2018)

Executive Group on behalf of the Joint European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA)/World Heart Federation (WHF) Task Force for the Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-338
Number of pages34
JournalGlobal Heart
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2018


  • Cardiac procedural myocardial injury
  • Cardiac troponin
  • Expert Consensus Document
  • High sensitivity cardiac troponin
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA)
  • Myocardial injury
  • Prior myocardial infarction
  • Re-infarction
  • Recurrent myocardial infarction
  • Silent myocardial infarction
  • Takotsubo syndrome
  • Type 1 MI
  • Type 2 MI
  • Type 3 MI
  • Type 4a MI
  • Type 4b MI
  • Type 4c MI
  • Type 5 MI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Community and Home Care
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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